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The main species studied

cetaceans

Pets very sensitive to environmental changes, that are indicator species of environmental quality. More information on their geographical distribution and their behavior would better understand the natural (food ...) and anthropogenic (maritime traffic, pollution, global warming ...) impacting on these protected species.

fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus)

Max: 25 m

It is the second largest animal in the world, and the most frequently observed whale.

Fin whales live alone or in small groups. They have a very slender body, with a small dorsal fin. The upper part of their body is usually seen from the surface. Their breath is noisy and vertical, it can reach 6 meters high. Species classified as "vunable" in the Mediterranean Sea (IUCN Red List).

cybelle mediterranean BP

Sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus)

Max: 18 m

The sperm whale does not have a dorsal fin, it is replaced by a protuberance. His breath is oblique on the left side. He leaves his tail when he leaves in probe. Mostly observed alone, one can meet large groups of several hundred individuals. Species classified as "endangered" in the Mediterranean Sea (IUCN Red List).

cybelle mediterranean PM

pilot whale (Globicephala melas)

Max: 7 m

It is a black cetacean, with a white mark on the belly. Its head is voluminous with a convex forehead, its dorsal fin broad and rounded. Pilot whales live in groups. Species classified as "Data deficient" in the Mediterranean Sea (IUCN Red List), there is a lack of information on this species to classify it.cybelle mediterranean GM

Bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)

Max: 4 m

It is a large gray dolphin with a robust body, a short snout and a well marked melon. The general appearance of this dolphin was popularized by the soap opera "Flipper". Species classified as "vunable" in the Mediterranean Sea (IUCN Red List).this tursiops

Risso (Grampus griseus)

Max: 4 m

This dolphin, with a robust body, has a massive head with a globular forehead and a high dorsal fin. Gray in color, his body is covered with scars that can make him look almost white. Species classified as "Data deficient" in the Mediterranean Sea (IUCN Red List), there is a lack of information on this species to classify it.cybelle mediterranean GG

Striped dolphin (Stenella coeruleoalba)

Max: 2,6 m
It is a small dolphin with a slender body. Its color is complex with gray-blue bands shaped characteristics of "waves" on the flanks. His throat and belly are white or cream. This is a very common dolphin off the French coast. Not to be confused with the common dolphin (Delphinus delphis). Species classified as "vunable" in the Mediterranean Sea (IUCN Red List).

this BB dolphin

common dolphin (Delphinus delphis)

Max: 2,6 m

It is a small dolphin .. The back part of its body is dark brown to black. The drawings are complex it, forming in the fin a triangle pointing downwards. The flanks are beige-orange with a shaped design of horizontal hourglass. His throat and belly are white or cream. It is rare to cross off the French coast compared to the striped dolphin (Stenella coeruleoalba). Not to be confused with the striped dolphin (Stenella coeruleoalba). Species classified as "endangered" in the Mediterranean Sea (IUCN Red List).common dolphin

Cuvier Whale (Ziphius cavirostris)

Max: 6 m

Discrete species and rarely observed, this small cetacean has only 2 teeth at the end of the lower jaw. Solitary, it is sometimes found in small groups. Champion of apnea, he feeds essentially squid and fish living in the shoals. Species classified as "Data deficient" in the Mediterranean Sea (IUCN Red List), there is a lack of information on this species to classify it.

Cañadas, A. 2012. Ziphius cavirostris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T23211A2785108.

Marine turtles

At sea turtles are accidentally captured by fishing nets and are victims of pollution, by eating plastic bags they mistake for jellyfish. Also, to better protect sea turtles, it is very important to understand their migration patterns.

loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta)

Max: 120 cm (carapace length)

This sea turtle has a red-brown carapace in the shape of a heart. Its head is big and rounded, and its beak powerful and massive. On its shell there are five lateral scales. It is the most common species in the western Mediterranean.

cybelle mediterranean caretta

macroplankton

Their presence is more or less important according to the seasons or years. It seems that their range changes in recent decades, with global warming. The information collected through this program will be used to better understand the spatial and temporal distribution.

Aurélie (Aurelia aurita)

Max: 40 cm (diameter)

The saucer-shaped jellyfish lets see-through 4 gonads horseshoe. She has a lot of tentacles for devices and 4 oral tentacles. It can be very abundant.

cybelle mediterranean Aurelia

Pelagie (Pelagia noctiluca)

Max: 17 cm (diameter)

This jellyfish, mushroom-shaped, has 8 purposes peripheral tentacles and oral tentacles 4. It has many warts on the body and is brown to pink color, phosphorescent night. She is very stinging and can be very abundant.

cybelle mediterranean pelagie

Rhizostome (Rhizostoma Pulmo)

Max: 60 cm (diameter)

This massive jellyfish has a milky white body. His umbel is hemmed bluish fringes. She has no peripheral tentacle but has 8 thick tentacles. It is very stinging. Rather solitary, it can be observed in schools of several hundred individuals.

cybelle mediterranean rhisostome

Medusa 'fried egg"(Cotylorhiza tuberculata)

Max: 40 cm (diameter)

Medusa with clear umbrella raised in the center in the form of yellow disc. Many tentacles ending in small purple discs. Very little stinging, rather solitary. Mediterranean endemic species.

cybelle mediterranean cotylorhiza

compass jellyfish (Chrysaora hysoscella)

Max: 30 cm (diameter)

This is a mushroom-shaped jellyfish. She 16 radial bands of brown on the umbel, 24 peripheral transparent tentacles and oral tentacles 4 very scalloped. It's a big very stinging jellyfish. She lives in a group and can be very abundant.

cybelle mediterranean Chrysaora

Sunfish (Mola mola)

Max: 300 cm

Fish with a flattened, plate-shaped body, with developed dorsal and anal fins, and very small pectoral fins. It is gray-white in color. A typical open-water fish, it often floats near the surface, its dorsal fin protrudes above water. It feeds mainly on jellyfish.

cybelle mediterranean mola

Devil Mediterranean Sea (Mobula mobular)

Max: 5 m

Species with 2 body both wider than long, it has at the front of the head two "horns" flattened. The Sea Devil often wears a brown-black area just behind the head, and a white belly contrasts with the rest of the gray-blue body. Ray living mainly in the south-western Mediterranean, its migration seems to depend partly on the temperature of the waters. She lives in superficial offshore waters, between 0 and 30 meters deep. Species classified as "endangered" in the Mediterranean Sea (IUCN Red List).cybelle mediterranee mobula

shark Pilgrim (Cetorhinus maximus)

MAX SIZE: 12 M

The basking shark is a fish that can reach 12 meters long, it is considered the second largest living fish on earth, after the whale shark. Easily recognizable with its high fin and distended mouth when feeding (mainly plankton). Species classified as "endangered" in the Mediterranean Sea (IUCN Red List).

cybelle mediterranean pelerin


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